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Covering letters: the beginning, core and ending
When you write a covering letter it is important to have a structure. A typical structure would have four paragraphs and should answer four “W” questions: What job are you applying for? Why do you want to work in this sector and organisation? What are you offering? When are you available for interview?
求职信的结构非常重要。经典结构是有四大段的，必须回答4个什么：申请什么职位?为什么要申请这个部门组织?你可以为公司做什么?什么时候可以接受 面试 ?
In your first paragraph you should state the job you are applying for and where you found it. Companies like to know which of their advertising sources is successful, so tell them if you found it online, through a newspaper or from another source. You should also inform them of when you are available to start.
第一段需要说明你申请的职位以及 求职 信息的来源。公司想要知道他们哪条广告是有效果的，所以请告知他们你是在网上，还是报纸，或者其他途径看到招聘信息的。你还需要告知可以接受面试的时间。
In the second paragraph tell them why you are interested in that type of work and why the company attracts you. If, for example, it is a small company say you prefer to work for a small, friendly organisation.
Summarise your strengths in the third paragraph and state why they would be an advantage in the job. You should match and relate your skills to the competencies that are required for the job.
In the final paragraph mention any dates that you won’t be available for an interview and remember to thank the employer and say you look forward to hearing from them.
最后一段要指出不能参加 面试 的时间，并对雇主表示感谢，期望从他们那里得到回复。
You should use only one side of A4 paper and use the same font as you used in your CV.
求职信只要占用A4纸的一面即可，并使用与你的 简历 相同的字体。
When you start the letter, try to personalise it by finding out the name of the person to write to. One statistic states that a covering letter and CV addressed to the correct person are 15% more likely to receive a reply and 5% more likely to get an interview. Remember when you start with a specific name, e.g. “Dear Mr. Jones”, you should end with “Yours sincerely”. If you can’t find the name and have to start “Dear Sir or Madam”, end your letter with “Yours faithfully”.
在开始写信时，尽可能找出收信人的信息。据调查表明，给特定的人发 求职信 和 简历 可以收到高15%的回复以及高5%的面试机会。记住当你以特定称呼开头时，例如“Dear Mr. Jones”，必须以“Yours sincerely”结尾。当你找不到特定收件人时，只能以“Dear Sir or Madam”开头，必须以“Yours faithfully”结尾。
Here are some examples of popular ways to start a covering letter: